The common definition of a sensitive skin says that it is a shallow vascularized skin, with a tendency to react excessively to many factors, which often become a reason to visit a dermatologist. There is no doubt – a sensitive skin requires a special care in order to minimize symptoms and avoid worsening the already existing changes. So how should you care for your skin to ensure it looks fresh and young?
How come so many people have issues with sensitive skin?
This is one of the so-called civilization ailments. Those who complain the most on sensitive skin problems are usually residents of big agglomerations. Smoke, exhaust fumes and impurities interfere with the proper functioning of the epidermis.
The second major problem is food: it’s getting more difficult to buy one that doesn’t contain hormones or pesticides. Just change your diet to a healthier one to find out how much it impacts the look of your skin. Sensitive complexion can also be inherited and, as research shows, not just after mother, but after grandmother.
Skin allergies are another factor. There’s a lot of little kids that suffer from those allergies, that will have a very sensitive skin in the future. In addition, men also have problems with sensitive skin.
How to recognize a sensitive skin?
People with sensitive skin know very well that their skin doesn’t tolerate cosmetics with a lot of fragrances, preservatives and silicones. It tends to get irritated after washing with hard water, also due to excess UV exposition and temperature changes, especially in the winter when we stay in air-conditioned rooms. Moreover, too much alcohol is not good to such complexion as well as eating spicy food.
It is also worth to observe when changes occur and of what kind, because it can allow you to assess whether you have sensitive or already allergic skin. Time is a key indicator here – when the reaction occurs immediately, we are talking about sensitive skin, when it is delayed, it appears within 3 days – there is no doubt it is an allergy, and then skin changes are usually one of several symptoms. Typical symptoms of a sensitive skin:
- burning and/or redness,
- dryness and/or a feeling of tightness,
What is the best cleansing method for a sensitive skin?
One that won’t break skin’s lipid coating. We don’t recommend wash off cosmetics, neither gels nor soaps. I think micellar fluids and milks are safer.
Of course, odorless, no preservatives, with a simple composition, sensitive skin dedicated. However, some patients feel better after traditional face washing and then I encourage them to use mineral water for that purpose. The one that is in the taps often causes irritation, especially when it is too warm. We should use cool water, and when washing and wiping, remember not to rub too intensively.
To which creames ingredients should you pay a special attention?
Sensitive skin has a weakened hydrolipid coating, therefore your creams should contain ingredients that will strengthen it. These are mainly vegetable oils, e. g. cotton, evening primrose, avocado or jojoba, as well as ceramides. When the skin is very dry, urea or hyaluronic acid should help. Vitamins, especially C and E, well-known for their antioxidant activity, also have a good effect on sensitive skin. Sunscreens are also very important, there’s no discussion about right skin case without them.
What is the most important in a daily care routine for sensitive skin?
Even when your skin looks good and irritations are much less common, you cannot count on the fact that the effects are permanent. Let’s not try new cosmetics, let’s still watch out with the diet. This is a capricious type of complexion, after periods of diminishing, problems can get worse again. That is why stable, well-chosen care routine is so important.